US Patent Class 554




Current as of: June, 1999
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*  DD  ORGANIC COMPOUNDS (Class 532, Subclass 1)
1  DF  .~ Fatty compounds having an acid moiety which contains the carbonyl of a carboxylic acid, salt, ester, or amide group bonded directly to one end of an acyclic chain of at least seven (7) uninterrupted carbons, wherein any additional carbonyl in the acid moiety is (1) part of an aldehyde or ketone group, (2) bonded directly to a noncarbon atom which is between the additional carbonyl and the chain, or (3) attached indirectly to the chain via ionic bonding
2  DF  .~.~ With preservative or stabilizer
3  DF  .~.~.~ Oxygen containing hetero ring in preservative or stabilizer
4  DF  .~.~.~ Phosphorus containing preservative or stabilizer
5  DF  .~.~.~ Nitrogen containing preservative or stabilizer
6  DF  .~.~.~ Sulfur containing preservative or stabilizer
7  DF  .~.~.~ Phenolic preservative or stabilizer
8  DF  .~.~ Extraction directly from animal or plant source material (e.g., recovery from garbage, fish offal, slaughter house waste, whole fish, olive fruit, etc.)
9  DF  .~.~.~ Legume, nut, or seed source material (e.g., peanut, soya bean, rice bran, etc.)
10  DF  .~.~.~.~ Fatty or sugar containing treating agent utilized (e.g., miscella, molasses, lecithin, cocoa butter used; heated cashew oil used to extract more oil from cashew nuts; using soap as emulsifier, etc.)
11  DF  .~.~.~.~ Carbon dioxide, peroxy, sulfur, nitrogen, or metal containing treating agent utilized
12  DF  .~.~.~.~ Organic solvent extraction
13  DF  .~.~.~.~.~ Halogen or oxygen in the solvent (e.g., carbon tetrachloride, ethanol, etc.)
14  DF  .~.~.~.~.~.~ Plural diverse solvents utilized together or sequentially (e.g., solvent is mixture of acetone and hexane, ethyl and isopropyl alcohols, etc.)
15  DF  .~.~.~.~.~ Steam or water added
16  DF  .~.~.~.~.~ Vacuum or pressure utilized (e.g., normally gaseous hydrocarbon solvent kept liquid under pressure, etc.)
17  DF  .~.~.~.~ Steam or water added or vacuum utilized
18  DF  .~.~.~ Fish liver source material
19  DF  .~.~.~ Sulfur, silicon, nitrogen, or metal containing treating agent utilized (e.g., salt or brine, clay, lime, etc.)
20  DF  .~.~.~ Organic solvent extraction
21  DF  .~.~.~.~ Halogen or oxygen in the solvent (e.g., trichloroethylene, alcohol, etc.)
22  DF  .~.~.~ Vacuum utilized
23  DF  .~.~.~ Steam or water added (e.g., wet rendering, etc.)
24  DF  .~.~ Chemical modification of oils to improve their drying properties and products thereof
25  DF  .~.~.~ Polymerization process and product thereof (e.g., thermal polymerization, oxidative polymerization, etc.)
26  DF  .~.~.~.~ Additional organic compound utilized (e.g., as catalyst, promoter, etc.)
27  DF  .~.~.~.~.~ The additional organic compound is an ethylenically unsaturated hydrocarbon monomer (e.g., butadiene, cyclopentadiene, styrene, etc.)
28  DF  .~.~.~.~ Inorganic material utilized
29  DF  .~.~.~.~ Purification or recovery
30  DF  .~.~.~ Esterification or molecular rearrangement (e.g., intra- or inter-esterification, etc.)
31  DF  .~.~.~ Dehydration or carbon to carbon unsaturation formation (e.g., dehydrating hydroxylated fatty acids or oils, forming conjugated unsaturation by dehydrogenation, dehalogenation, dehydrohalogenation, etc.)
32  DF  .~.~.~.~ Heavy metal containing compound utilized (e.g., as catalyst, promoter, etc.)
33  DF  .~.~.~.~ Sulfur containing compound utilized
34  DF  .~.~.~.~ Group IA or IIA light metal containing compound utilized
35  DF  .~.~ The carbonyl is part of a carboxamide group (i.e., fatty acid amides)
36  DF  .~.~.~ Additional carbonyl in the acid moiety
37  DF  .~.~.~.~ Noncarbon atom bonded directly to the additional carbonyl
38  DF  .~.~.~ Heavy metal or aluminum containing
39  DF  .~.~.~ Boron, silicon, selenium, or tellurium containing
40  DF  .~.~.~ Phosphorus containing
41  DF  .~.~.~.~ Additional nitrogen containing
42  DF  .~.~.~ Sulfur containing
43  DF  .~.~.~.~ The sulfur is bonded directly to the carboxamide nitrogen or to an additional nitrogen (e.g., sulfonamide, sulfamic acid, etc.)
44  DF  .~.~.~.~ Sulfoxy containing
45  DF  .~.~.~.~.~ Ring bonded directly to the sulfoxy
46  DF  .~.~.~.~.~ Additional nitrogen containing
47  DF  .~.~.~.~.~.~ Containing -C(=O)O- group (e.g., carboxylic acid, ester, salt, etc.)
48  DF  .~.~.~.~.~.~ Additional carboxamide containing
49  DF  .~.~.~.~.~ The carboxamide nitrogen and a -S(=O)(=O)-O-X group attached to each other by an acyclic chain which consists of carbons, wherein X is hydrogen or a metal (e.g., taurides, etc.)
50  DF  .~.~.~.~.~ Sulfoxy in acid moiety
51  DF  .~.~.~ Additional nitrogen containing
52  DF  .~.~.~.~ Quaternary ammonium containing
53  DF  .~.~.~.~ Amidino or guanidino containing
54  DF  .~.~.~.~ Cyano or hydrazino containing
55  DF  .~.~.~.~ Halogen or additional oxygen containing (e.g., isocyanate containing, etc.)
56  DF  .~.~.~.~.~ Additional carboxamide group containing (e.g., carbamates, ureas, etc.)
57  DF  .~.~.~.~.~.~ Plural additional carboxamide groups containing
58  DF  .~.~.~.~.~.~ Additional nitrogen or -C(=O)O- group containing
59  DF  .~.~.~.~.~ Containing -C(=O)O- group
60  DF  .~.~.~.~.~ Nitro containing or plural oxyalkylene groups bonded directly to each other
61  DF  .~.~.~ Additional oxygen containing (e.g., amides of ricinoleic acid, etc.)
62  DF  .~.~.~.~ Halogen containing
63  DF  .~.~.~.~ Containing -C(=O)O- group
64  DF  .~.~.~.~ Plural oxyalkylene groups bonded directly to each other
65  DF  .~.~.~.~ Oxygen bonded directly to a ring
66  DF  .~.~.~.~ Hydroxyalkyl substituent on the amido nitrogen
67  DF  .~.~.~ Halogen containing
68  DF  .~.~.~ Processes
69  DF  .~.~.~.~ Amidation
70  DF  .~.~.~.~ Purification or recovery
71  DF  .~.~ Heavy metal containing (e.g., As, Cr, Mn, Sb, V, etc.)
72  DF  .~.~.~ Titanium, zirconium, or cerium containing (Ti, Zr, or Ce)
73  DF  .~.~.~ Lead or tin containing (Pb or Sn)
74  DF  .~.~.~ Iron, cobalt, nickel, copper, silver, or gold containing (Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, Ag, or Au)
75  DF  .~.~.~ Zinc, cadmium, or mercury containing (Zn, Cd, or Hg)
76  DF  .~.~ Aluminum containing
77  DF  .~.~ Boron, selenium, or silicon containing
78  DF  .~.~ Phosphorus containing
79  DF  .~.~.~ Glycerophosphates (e.g., phosphatidic acids, phosphatidyl inositol, etc.)
80  DF  .~.~.~.~ Nitrogen containing (e.g., cephalins, lecithins, etc.)
81  DF  .~.~.~.~.~ Halogen or sulfur containing
82  DF  .~.~.~.~.~ Processes of forming the compound
83  DF  .~.~.~.~.~ Purification on recovery
84  DF  .~.~.~ Nitrogen containing
85  DF  .~.~ Sulfur containing
86  DF  .~.~.~ Processes utilizing sulfur chloride
87  DF  .~.~.~ Processes utilizing elemental sulfur
88  DF  .~.~.~ Sulfoxy containing (e.g., sulfones, etc.)
89  DF  .~.~.~.~ Twitchell or Pfeilring reagent (i.e., product of sulfonation of fatty material in the presence of an aromatic hydrocarbon or phenol)
90  DF  .~.~.~.~ The sulfoxy is in the alcohol moiety (e.g., sulfate esters of fatty acid monoglycerides, etc.)
91  DF  .~.~.~.~.~ Nitrogen bonded directly to carbon in the alcohol moiety
92  DF  .~.~.~.~.~ Having -S(=O)(=O)-O-X attached indirectly to the single bonded oxygen of the carboxyl group by a single carbon or a chain consisting of carbons, which chain or carbon may include a ring, wherein X is hydrogen or a cation (e.g., isethionates, etc.)
93  DF  .~.~.~.~.~ Purification or recovery
94  DF  .~.~.~.~ Nitrogen containing (e.g., sulfonamide containing, etc.)
95  DF  .~.~.~.~ Carbocyclic ring in the acid moiety
96  DF  .~.~.~.~ Carbon bonded directly to -S(=O)(=O)OH or to -O-S(=O)(=O)OH, wherein H may be replaced by a cation or by an ester forming group (e.g., sulfonic acid sulfate monoester, etc.)
97  DF  .~.~.~.~.~ Metal salt
98  DF  .~.~.~.~.~ Processes utilizing anhydrous sulfur trioxide (e.g., in gaseous form, in sulfur dioxide solution, etc.)
99  DF  .~.~.~.~.~ Processes of sulfonating in the presence of lower carboxylic acid, anhydride, acid halide, or phosphorus containing material
100  DF  .~.~.~.~.~ Purification or recovery
101  DF  .~.~.~ Thioether, thiol, or mercaptide containing
102  DF  .~.~.~.~ Plural sulfurs containing
103  DF  .~.~ Nitrogen containing
104  DF  .~.~.~ Plural nitrogens containing (e.g., guanidine, hydrazine, etc.)
105  DF  .~.~.~.~ Additional oxygen containing
106  DF  .~.~.~.~.~ The additional oxygen is in a carboxamide, carbamate, or urea group (e.g., chloramphenicol palmitate, etc.)
107  DF  .~.~.~.~.~ The additional oxygen is in a -C(=O)O- group
108  DF  .~.~.~ Additional oxygen containing (e.g., hydroxy, ether, etc.)
109  DF  .~.~.~.~ Plural additional oxygens containing
110  DF  .~.~.~.~.~ The additional oxygens are in a -C(=O)O- group
111  DF  .~.~.~.~.~ Nitro or carboxamide containing
112  DF  .~.~.~.~ Carboxamide, cyano, or isocyanate containing
113  DF  .~.~.~ Cyano containing
114  DF  .~.~.~ Processes
115  DF  .~.~ Additional carbonyl in the acid moiety (e.g., oiticica oil, licanic acid, etc.)
116  DF  .~.~.~ Benzene ring in the acid moiety
117  DF  .~.~.~ Alicyclic ring in the acid moiety (e.g., prostaglandin analogs, etc.)
118  DF  .~.~.~.~ Oxygen double bonded directly to the ring (i.e., the carbon of the additional carbonyl is part of the ring; e.g., homo prostaglandins, etc.)
119  DF  .~.~.~.~.~ Additional oxygen bonded directly to the ring
120  DF  .~.~.~ Hydrogen bonded directly to the additional carbonyl (i.e., aldehyde containing)
121  DF  .~.~.~ The additional carbonyl is in a -C(=O)O- group
122  DF  .~.~.~.~ Plural additional carbonyls in the acid moiety
123  DF  .~.~.~ Halogen or plural additional carbonyls in the acid moiety
124  DF  .~.~ Processes of forming the compound
125  DF  .~.~.~ Geometric isomer formation (e.g., cis-trans, syn-anti, etc.)
126  DF  .~.~.~ Double bond shift (e.g., conjugation, etc.)
127  DF  .~.~.~ Forming carbon to carbon unsaturation (i.e., forming a double or triple bond)
128  DF  .~.~.~ Carbonylation, carbonation, or hydroformylation
129  DF  .~.~.~.~ Phosphorus or sulfur containing material utilized
130  DF  .~.~.~.~ Halogen containing material utilized
131  DF  .~.~.~.~ Group VIII metal containing material utilized
132  DF  .~.~.~ Oxidation
133  DF  .~.~.~.~ Ozone utilized
134  DF  .~.~.~.~ Molecular oxygen utilized as oxidizing agent
135  DF  .~.~.~.~.~ Heavy metal containing catalyst utilized
136  DF  .~.~.~.~.~.~ Cobalt containing catalyst
137  DF  .~.~.~.~.~.~ Manganese containing catalyst
138  DF  .~.~.~.~ Peroxy containing material utilized as oxidizing agent
139  DF  .~.~.~.~ Nitric acid utilized as oxidizing agent
140  DF  .~.~.~.~ Chromium containing compound utilized as oxidizing agent (e.g., chromic acid, chromosulfuric acid, etc.)
141  DF  .~.~.~ Catalytic hydrogenation
142  DF  .~.~.~.~ Including esterification or inter-esterification (e.g., prior to, simultaneously with, or after hydrogenation, etc.)
143  DF  .~.~.~.~ Conversion of a functional group in the course of hydrogenation (e.g., hydrogenolysis, etc.)
144  DF  .~.~.~.~ Plural hydrogenation steps or continuous hydrogenation process
145  DF  .~.~.~.~ Selective hydrogenation (e.g., of polyunsaturated to monounsaturated, of acetylenic to ethylenic compound, etc.)
146  DF  .~.~.~.~ Plural heavy metal containing materials utilized
147  DF  .~.~.~.~ Additional treating agent utilized (e.g., as catalyst carrier or promoter, oil deodorizer, oil solvent, pretreatment agent, oil filtering aid, etc.)
148  DF  .~.~.~ Oxygen containing hetero ring reactant (e.g., succinic anhydride, etc.)
149  DF  .~.~.~.~ Oxirane containing reactant
150  DF  .~.~.~ Organic halogen containing reactant
151  DF  .~.~.~.~ The reactant contains carbonyl bonded directly to the halogen
152  DF  .~.~.~.~ Another reactant is a carboxylic acid salt
153  DF  .~.~.~.~ Metal containing material utilized (e.g., Grignard reagent, Friedel Crafts catalyst, etc.)
154  DF  .~.~.~ Nitrogen, phosphorus, or sulfur containing reactant
155  DF  .~.~.~.~ Inorganic sulfur containing reactant (e.g., utilizing sulfuric acid to decompose soap, etc.)
156  DF  .~.~.~ Group IA or IIA metal containing reactant (e.g., forming a soap from fat and alkali, i.e., saponification, etc.)
157  DF  .~.~.~.~ Organic material, in addition to a fatty material, utilized or plural diverse fatty materials utilized (e.g., as solvent, reaction promoter, etc.)
158  DF  .~.~.~.~ Inorganic boron, halogen, phosphorus, silicon, sulfur, elemental metal, or additional metal containing compound utilized (e.g., utilizing inorganic agent for "salting out", bleaching, purifying, etc.)
159  DF  .~.~.~ Inorganic halogen containing reactant
160  DF  .~.~.~ Hydrolyzing fatty material with water only
161  DF  .~.~.~ Reactant contains -C(=O)O- group (e.g., carboxylic acid, salt, anhydride, etc.)
162  DF  .~.~.~.~ Bonding a hydrocarbyl group to the -C(=O)O- containing reactant
163  DF  .~.~.~.~ The -C(=O)O- is part of an ester group
164  DF  .~.~.~.~.~ Another reactant is a carboxylic acid anhydride (i.e., contains -C(=O)-O-C(=O)-)
165  DF  .~.~.~.~.~ Another reactant is a carboxylic acid
166  DF  .~.~.~.~.~.~ Polycarboxylic or hydroxy acid (i.e., containing additional -C(=O)OH or an -OH group)
167  DF  .~.~.~.~.~ Another reactant contains alcoholic or phenolic hydroxy (e.g., methy ricinoleate, etc.)
168  DF  .~.~.~.~.~.~ Plural alcoholic or phenolic hydroxys (e.g., glycerol, castor oil, etc.)
169  DF  .~.~.~.~.~ Molecular rearrangement of the acid moieties of glyceride esters (e.g., random or directed low temperature intra- or inter-esterification of fats, oils, etc.)
170  DF  .~.~.~.~ Another reactant contains alcoholic or phenolic hydroxy
171  DF  .~.~.~.~.~ Ring in the hydroxy containing reactant
172  DF  .~.~.~.~.~ Plural hydroxys in the hydroxy containing reactant
173  DF  .~.~.~.~.~.~ Glycerol
174  DF  .~.~ Esterification of fatty material to reduce the amount of free fatty acid or to facilitate separation of constituents
175  DF  .~.~ Purification, recovery, deodorizing, decolorizing or color stabilizing
176  DF  .~.~.~ Metal containing contaminant removal (e.g., of colloidal elemental metal catalyst, of metal ions, etc.)
177  DF  .~.~.~ Recovering from industrial waste materials (e.g., foots, textile treating liquors, spent sorbents, filter cake, sewage, sludge, soapstock, etc.)
178  DF  .~.~.~.~ Metal oxide, hydroxide, carbonate, or bicarbonate treating agent
179  DF  .~.~.~.~ Organic or inorganic acid or anhydride treating agent (e.g., carbon dioxide, sulfur dioxide, etc.)
180  DF  .~.~.~.~ Hydrocarbon or halohydrocarbon treating agent
181  DF  .~.~.~ Oxidation of impurities
182  DF  .~.~.~.~ Peroxy containing treating agent
183  DF  .~.~.~.~ Air, gaseous oxygen, or halogen containing treating agent
184  DF  .~.~.~ Nitrogen containing compound treating agent
185  DF  .~.~.~.~ The treating agent is organic
186  DF  .~.~.~.~.~ Urea or nitro group containing
187  DF  .~.~.~ Sulfur containing treating agent
188  DF  .~.~.~.~ Sulfuric or sulfurous acid treating agent
189  DF  .~.~.~.~ The treating agent is inorganic
190  DF  .~.~.~ Boron or phosphorus containing treating agent
191  DF  .~.~.~ Sorbent material utilized (e.g., activated carbon, decolorizing clay, bentonite, synthetic resin, etc.)
192  DF  .~.~.~.~ And utilizing Group IA or IIA metal oxide, hydroxide, or carbonate treating agent (e.g., saponification, neutralization, etc.)
193  DF  .~.~.~.~ Removal of fatty material from the sorbent or solvent utilized
194  DF  .~.~.~ Heavy metal or aluminum containing treating agent
195  DF  .~.~.~ Group IA or IIA light metal containing treating agent (i.e., Li, Na, K, Rb, Cs, or Be, Mg, Ca, Sr, Ba) [e.g., carbonates, etc.]
196  DF  .~.~.~.~ Silicon containing treating agent (e.g., sodium silicate, etc.)
197  DF  .~.~.~.~ Inorganic halogen containing treating agent
198  DF  .~.~.~.~ Organic treating agent added to or included with fatty material
199  DF  .~.~.~.~.~ The organic treating agent contains oxygen
200  DF  .~.~.~.~.~.~ The treating agent is a carboxylic acid, anhydride, or salt thereof
201  DF  .~.~.~.~ Water or steam added
202  DF  .~.~.~.~ The treating agent is a metal oxide or hydroxide (e.g., lye, lime, caustic alkali, etc.)
203  DF  .~.~.~.~.~ Centrifugal separation
204  DF  .~.~.~ Carboxylic acid, anhydride, or acid halide treating agent
205  DF  .~.~.~ Gas or vapor treating agent (e.g., steam, carbon dioxide, hydrocarbon vapors, etc.)
206  DF  .~.~.~ Organic solvent utilized
207  DF  .~.~.~.~ Water utilized (e.g., solvent-solvent extraction, etc.)
208  DF  .~.~.~.~ With crystallization or precipitation (e.g., separation according to degree of saturation, etc.)
209  DF  .~.~.~.~.~ Halogen containing or hydrocarbon solvent
210  DF  .~.~.~.~ Halogen containing or hydrocarbon solvent
211  DF  .~.~.~ Crystallization or precipitation (e.g., separation according to degree of saturation, etc.)
212  DF  .~.~.~ Organic treating agent
213  DF  .~.~ Additional oxygen in the acid moiety (e.g., hydroxystearic acid, etc.)
214  DF  .~.~.~ Alicyclic ring in the acid moiety (e.g., prostaglandin analog, etc.)
215  DF  .~.~.~.~ Benzene ring in the acid moiety
216  DF  .~.~.~.~.~ Plural oxygens bonded directly to the alicyclic ring
217  DF  .~.~.~.~ Plural oxygens bonded directly to the ring
218  DF  .~.~.~ Benzene ring in the acid moiety
219  DF  .~.~.~ Acyclic carbon-to-carbon unsaturation in the acid moiety (e.g., ricinoleic acid, castor oil, etc.)
220  DF  .~.~ Benzene ring in the acid moiety
221  DF  .~.~ Alicyclic ring in the acid moiety
222  DF  .~.~.~ The alicyclic ring is five-membered
223  DF  .~.~ Acyclic carbon-to-carbon unsaturation in the acid moiety
224  DF  .~.~.~ Plural carbon-to-carbon unsaturation in the acid moiety (e.g., polyunsaturated fatty acids, etc.)
225  DF  .~.~ Halogen in the acid moiety
226  DF  .~.~.~ Plural halogens in the acid moiety
227  DF  .~.~ Plural oxy groups in the alcohol moiety (e.g., triglycerides, ethylene glycol monostearate, 2-methoxy ethyl laurate, etc.)
228  DF  .~.~.~ Ring in the alcohol moiety
229  DF  .~.~ Ring in the alcohol moiety
230  DF  .~.~ Acyclic carbon-to-carbon unsaturation in the alcohol moiety
231  DF  .~.~ Halogen in the alcohol moiety