Class Notes

Current as of: June, 1999
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Classification: 119/

This class provides for methods or apparatus for the propagation, rearing, training, exercising, amusing, feeding, milking, grooming, housing, controlling, handling, or general care of a living animal unless provided for elsewhere.

(1) Note. The word "animal" is used in its generic biological meaning of a living sentient multicellular organism and is applicable to insects, fish, fowl, mammals, and other members of the animal kingdom.

(2) Note. This class is subdivided into:


an array of specified animal culturing subclass groups, the common bond within each group being determined by the particular kind of animal that is the subject of the invention;


an array of subclass groups directed to a method or apparatus for obtaining milk from an animal other than a human; and


a number of subclass groups, the common bond within each group being determined by the function or mode of operation rather than the particular creature to which the invention is applied. The groups mentioned in (c) may include subject matter specifically limited in use to a human or to fowl, and patents directed to said specific uses are classified in subclasses having a distinctive title which provides for the respective human or fowl specific use. It should be noted that the subclass(es) that specifically provide for a human use are the only areas in this class providing for a human application, and since these subclasses are the residual areas for human application not otherwise provided for, the definitions of these subclasses are strictly limited. The outside classes listed in the search notes of both the class definition and the subclass(es) relating to a human should be exhausted before placement of a patent relating to a human application in this class.

(3) Note. A method provided for in this class is appropriately classified in a subclass specifically providing for the method or, absent a specific method subclass, in a subclass providing for the apparatus of this class used in

the method.

(4) Note. A method of making an apparatus of this class is excluded from this class, and may be found in an appropriate manufacturing class.



Class 60, Power Plants, has pulsators distinguished from Class 119 and Class 137 Fluid Handling, subclasses 103+, pulsators or fluid distributors in that the former do not relate to through-flow mechanisms but rather effect the pulsing of a confined body of fluid, the same body of fluid, for example, operating upon a pressure responsive mechanism. Milking machine pulsators are broadly construed as valving arrangements which cyclicly control fluid flowing under pressure and not involving the same body of fluid. See References to Other Classes, below, labeled as having other subject matter related to milkers



5, Beds, appropriate subclass for animal beds consisting only of a sleeping surface and its support which would have utility for humans.

30, Cutlery, appropriate subclasses for hand manipulated cutting implements adapted for dehorning animals, but of more general utility.

40, Card, Picture, or Sign Exhibiting, particularly 300+, for a check, label, or tag for attaching to an animal.

43, Fishing, Trapping, and Vermin Destroying, for apparatus for capturing wild animals.

54, Harness, for work and training harness for animals.

54, Harness, for girth or surcingle devices not restricted by utility to milking organizations. (for subject matter related to milkers)

60, Power Plants, and see (1) Note of Lines With Other Classes, above. (for subject matter related to milkers)

62, Refrigeration, for cooling or refrigerating apparatus in which milking apparatus is identified by name only. (for subject matter related to milkers)

81, Tools,

9.22, for a tattooing device, including means for

reciprocating a perforating tool and for introducing coloring material into the perforations.

91, Motors: Expansible Chamber Type, for uncombined prime movers for converting the energy of a pressure fluid into mechanical work. Teat cups and teat compressors are not considered as motors of the type contemplated by Class 91. (for subject matter related to milkers)

101, Printing, for printing and branding instruments.

116, Signals and Indicators, for mechanical devices for giving signals of the nature of either alarms or indicators including milking apparatus where the milking apparatus is included by name only and is not modified in order to cooperate with the signal mechanism. (for subject matter related to milkers) 126, Stoves and Furnaces,

402+, for a self heating branding tool of general application.

128, Surgery, for catheters combining a treating function and a milking function or treating function, per se. The catheters of this class (119) are disclosed for milking only. (for subject matter related to milkers)

134, Cleaning and Liquid Contact With Solids, for apparatus for cleaning milking equipment involving liquid contact, such apparatus not including additional means for some milking function. (for subject matter related to milkers)

137, Fluid Handling, (a) for general utility valving devices for cyclicly or periodically controlling pressure fluids even though known as and called "milking machine pulsators" except where such devices are modified by features restricting the said device to a milking function. Modified pulsators adapting them to be mounted or supported upon a receiver cover or wall, for example, where no more than is necessary for performing a supporting function is included, is not sufficient to place the patent in this class (119). See Lines With Other Classes and Within This Class, For Subject Matter Related to Milkers, above; (b) for tanks having general utility filling or discharging characteristics for handling milk; (c) for general utility valves combined with other structure not provided for elsewhere e.g., for general utility valves combined with a receiver cover where only so much of the cover is recited as to provide a seat for the valve; (d) for systems of fluid handling of general utility; and (e) for valve actuation not related to the elements of a milking system, and especially fluid pressure responsive devices, e.g., vacuum cutoffs of general utility. (for subject matter related to milkers)

165, Heat Exchange, appropriate subclasses, for heat exchange apparatus, per se. (for subject matter related to milkers)

210, Liquid Purification or Separation,

473+, for a filter and receptacle (e.g., milk pail) combination. (for subject matter related to milkers)

219, Electric Heating,

227+, for an electrical branding iron having a fixed character or indicia, subclasses 385+ for a heating device combined with a container, enclosure, or support for material to be heated, or subclass 523 for a heating device having a housing, casing, or support insertable into material or space to be heated (e.g., immersion type).

220, Receptacles, for milk pails and cans and for leg and lap supported pails. (for subject matter related to milkers) 222, Dispensing, for dispensers not specialized to animal husbandry purposes.

222, Dispensing, for milk pails having a spout, pouring lip, or other material pouring guide. (for subject matter related to milkers)

248, Supports, for general supports for milking elements, pails and cans not limited by structure to use in milking operations. (for subject matter related to milkers)

297, Chairs and Seats,

175+, for a stool particularly adapted to facilitate the milking operation, as by the inclusion of a tail holder or pail support, and see the search notes thereto. (for subject matter related to milkers)

340, Communications: Electrical, for electric signaling devices including those having the combinations with milking apparatus by name only. (for subject matter related to milkers)

361, Electricity: Electrical Systems and Devices,

139+, for electromagnetic make and break circuits for milking machine electromagnetic controls. (for subject matter related to milkers)

417, Pumps, for devices, per se, for pumping fluids, having a relatively movable member and a relatively stationary member comprising a chamber and a contained impeller, the relative movements of which cause fluid from a source of supply to enter the chamber through an induction port and to be impelled therefrom through an eduction port, said ports in general being valved, and general utility pump elements. "Pump elements" of this class (119) permit through flow of fluids but lack, in general, valving ingress except that provided by the nature of the cow being milked.

Super-atmospheric pressure is thereby utilized to discharge the fluid through the eduction port and to simultaneously relieve the negative pressure beyond the induction port. (for subject matter related to milkers)

418, Rotary Expansible Chamber Devices, for rotary expansible chamber devices, per se.

424, Drug, Bio-Affecting and Body Treating Compositions, appropriate subclass for a composition for preventing, alleviating, treating, curing, or diagnosing a disease or condition in an animal and for a process of using such a composition(s), or compound for such purposes, e.g., feeding a coccidiostat, etc., to poultry. 426, Food or Edible Material: Processes, Compositions, and Products, for processes of treating milk and milk products. (for subject matter related to milkers)

433, Dentistry,

1, for veterinary dentistry methods and apparatus. (for subject matter related to milkers)

439, Electrical Connectors,

191+, for an electrical connector combined with a fluent material transmission line. (for subject matter related to milkers)

449, Bee Culture, appropriate subclasses for the care and propagation of bees.

452, Butchering,

52+, for slaughtering apparatus.

606, Surgery,

116, for marking animals, 117 for animal identification devices, 135+, for means for or to assist in animal sterilization, 167+, cutting, punching and piercing devices used on animal bodies, and in particular subclass 175 for snout cutters.