.~> With means for vertical transverse cutting while moving
(under the class definition) Apparatus comprising means for cutting the earth (1) horizontally and vertically or (2) annularly for the purpose of enabling a portion of sod to be removed in an undisturbed condition.
(1) Note. This definition is intended to provide an art collection of sod or plug cutters. Other devices such as subsoilers, or the like, which cut soil and have structure similar to that of a sod cutter but are not used for the purpose of removing a strip of earth in an undisturbed condition are not included. Patents are considered to come under this definition if claims refer to sod cutting or the sole specific disclosure relates to this use.
(2) Note. Patents relating to the handling and/or cutting of sod after it has been cut from the ground are classified under this definition if not otherwise classifiable.
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22, for earth perforating devices which have means for removing the earth from a hole made in the earth, there being no intention to remove a piece of sod in an undisturbed condition so that it can be replanted. The earth perforating devices characteristically either disturb the earth or take out a very small diameter core of earth and sod, not intended for replanting.
376, for hand tools of the loop type.
698, for a tool with laterally spaced standards. 699, for subsoilers.
720, for subsurface blades.
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30, Cutlery, for merely cutting turf in a vertical plane.
302, and 303 for devices for excavating stumps and stones, and subclass 3 for peat excavators.
47, Plant Husbandry,
73+, for plant receptacles of the transplanting type.
100+, for plant setting devices.
171, Unearthing Plants or Buried Objects, appropriate subclasses for separating plants from the soil. 175, Boring or Penetrating the Earth,
249+, for a core-forming type earth boring bit provided with means to sever the core and subclasses 403+ for a core-forming type earth boring bit.
294, Handling: Hand and Hoist-Line Implements,
49+, for forks or shovels for lifting plugs of earth or sod and subclass 50.6 for shovels of the grappling type, the grapple having no means to cut the earth in a horizontal plane.
299, Mining or In Situ Disintegration of Hard Material, appropriate subclass for cutting hard, solid earth material in situ, particularly